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Monday, January 7, 2013

30 Weird Facts about Elephants

Quick facts about Elephants

*An elephant's trunk is actually an extended nose and upper lip.An adult African elephant's trunk is about two meters long.

*Elephants uses trunks for smelling,touching,grasping,collect food and water,breathing,and even hurl objects.
  • *Elephants can suck 7.5 liters of water into its trunk at a time.

    *Elephants will use their trunk to make loud trumpeting noise, in case,if it is threatened and give warnings to other elephants.

    * Elephants are fond of water and enjoy showering by sucking water into their trunks and spraying it all over themselves. Afterwards, they often spray their skin with a protective coating of dust.

    *The trunk contains an estimated 100,000 muscles and tendons in the trunk, giving it extreme flexibility and strength.

    *Asian elephants have one finger—like projection at the tip of the trunk and African elephants have two. These finger—like projections are used for grasping small and delicate objects.

    *Elephants are social creatures.They hug wrapping their trunks together in displays of greeting and affection.

    *The elephant can also use its trunk to grasp an entire tree branch and pull it down to its mouth. Elephants also use their trunks to yank up clumps of grasses and shove the greenery into their mouths.

    *Elephants  use their trunks to lift  a newborn elephant to its feet. And just as a human baby sucks its thumb, an elephant calf often sucks its trunk for comfort.

    *One elephant can eat 300 pounds (136 kilograms) of food in one day.Elephants  are herbivores and eat roots, grasses, fruit,bark,banana and sugarcane.

    *Elephants tusks are elongated incisors,extending from an elephant's upper jaw.They use their tusks to get food by digging up roots and peeling tree barks.Like human right-handed and left-handed,elephants are also right-tusked and left-tusked using one more than the other.Calves will have tusk from the age of two.Elephant tusks are ivory teeth and it grow for the rest of life.

    *Elephants are mammals. Of all animals, elephants have the longest pregnancy—it lasts 22 months.

    *Elephants have small brown eyes.In general,they have poor eye sight.Their vision is better in dim light than in bright.

    *Elephants can live to be about 70 years old.

    *African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth. They have large fan shaped ears.  Asian Elephant have smaller in comparison.Their hearing is poor.On a blazing hot day,Elephants will flap their ears to get cool breeze.They extend their ears fully to show aggression.

    *Elephants weight ranges from 11000 - 15000 pounds and height 10 -13 feet.

    *Elephants are able to swim for long distances.

    *Elephants spend about 16 hours a day eating and so they sleep very less time.

    *Elephants walk on their tiptoes(that is on the balls of their feet).Most elephants have four toes in their forelimb and three toes in their hindlimb.

    *Elephants are intelligent and it weighs 11 pounds - four times the size of the human brain.They have good memory.

    *Elephants have pillar like legs to support their massive weight.

    *Elephants skin is rough and wrinkled but it is sensitive to touch and temperature.The folds in their skin holds moisture to keep them cool.

    *The bottom of their feet composed of fatty tissue allows them to tread very softly.

    *One of the softest parts of their body is at the back of the ears, which is called the knuckle. Elephant trainers, called Mahouts, use their feet to steer or give commands to the animal via the knuckle at the back of the ears.

    * Elephants have a longer pregnancy than any other mammal—almost 22 months.
    *Male elephant is referred as bull and female is called as cow.Baby elephants are called as calves.Group of elephants collectively called as herd.

    *Elephants can communicate over long distances by producing a sub-sonic rumble that can travel over the ground faster than sound through air. Other elephants receive the messages through the sensitive skin on their feet and trunks.

    *An elephant’s tail can be as long as 1.3m and is tipped by a series of very coarse, wire-like hairs. They have an extraordinary degree of control over tail movement and use them as a fly swat against insects.

    *Elephants usually have 26 teeth: the incisors, known as the tusks, 12 deciduous premolars, and 12 molars.Elephants will have six sets of teeth as humans have two sets for their lifetime.Teeth are not replaced by new ones emerging from the jaws vertically as in most mammals. Instead, new teeth grow in at the back of the mouth and move forward to push out the old ones, similar to a conveyor belt.If the sixth set is lost,mostly animal will die in starvation.

    *The National Heritage Animal of India is Elephant.

    *All African elephants, male and female, have tusks whereas only some Asian males have tusks. About 50% of Asian females have short tusks known as tushes - which have no pulp inside.

Indian Elephant and a calf

Sunday, January 6, 2013

36 Interesting facts about Tiger

  1. Tiger is the most ferocious, popular and charismatic megafauna in the world.The magnificent tiger is one of the most powerful predators in the world. T9UG9UXHDYUW
  2. *Tigers are the largest members of the cat family.
  3. *The scientific name for the tiger is Panthera tigris.
  4. *There are five subspecies of tiger: Bengal, South China, Indochinese, Sumatran, and Siberian.Since the 1950s three subspecies of  tiger—Caspian, Bali, and Javan—are extinct.The five remaining species are also endangered due to poaching.They have been pushed to the edge of existence through hunting and habitat loss.
  5. *It weighs up to 363 kilograms, stretches 6 feet long, and has a 3-foot- (1-meter-) long tail.
  6. *A tiger retracts its claws as it walks, leaving no claw marks in its tracks.
  7. *A tiger's mighty roar can be heard as far as two miles (three kilometers) away.
  8. *Tigers are good swimmers and can swim upto 6 kilometres.
  9. *Tigers are carnivorous and they hunts for prey primarily by sight and sound.
  10. *Tigers can cover up to 10 m (33 ft.) in a single leap.
  11. *Tigers stripes are unique as human fingerprints,no two tigers will have the same pattern.They are easily recognized by its coat of reddish-orange with dark stripes along the flanks and shoulders.Tiger stripes allow them to camouflage and become nearly invisible while hunting and stalking their prey.The stripes on the tiger will be found even after their fur is shaved.
  12. *The underside of the tiger's limbs,belly, chest, throat, and muzzle are in white color. White is also found above the eyes and extends to the cheeks. A white spot is present on the back of each ear. The dark lines about the eyes tend to be symmetrical, but the marks on each side of the face are often asymmetrical. The tiger's tail is reddish-orange and ringed with several dark bands.
  13. *A healthy tiger can run at speeds of around 35 miles per hour.
  14. *Tigers have short, thick necks, broad shoulders, and massive forelimbs, ideal for grappling with prey while holding on with long retractible claws and broad forepaws.
  15. * Tigers are known for their stealth and ambushing attacks.A tiger's hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs, an adaptation for jumping.
  16. *The forefeet of tiger have five claws which are used for attacking prey or other tigers. The first claw, called a dew claw, is vestigial (reduced in size) and does not reach the ground. Tigers keep the foreclaws sharp by scratching them on "scratching posts" such as tree trunks.
  17. *The hindfeet have four claws. The hindclaws are occasionally used to help bring down large prey, and in defense against other tigers.When not in use, each claw is retracted (by ligaments) into a sheath of skin, which protects it from excessive wear. To extend the claw from the sheath, muscular action is needed to straighten the last toe bone and pull the claw forward
  18. *A tiger’s tongue is covered with hard papillae, to scrape flesh off the bones of prey.
  19. *Tigers usually live 8 to 10 years in the wild and in captivity tigers have been known to live up to 26 years.
  20. *Tigers are mammals and its gestation period is about three and half months.The female tiger will take care of their cubs until they reach 2-3yrs old.
  21. *Tigers are carnivorous and they eat both large and small animals like deer,cattle,frog and fish.If the prey animal is large, the tiger bites its throat to kill it; smaller prey is usually killed when the tiger breaks its neck.Tigers are known to eat up to 60 pounds (27 kilograms) of meat in one night.
  22. *Tigers are very solitary animals.If they are found in groups they are called as streak of tigers.
  23. *Tigers have no natural predators, except for humans. Adult tigers are potential predators of younger cubs.
  24. *Tigers are 2 million years old.
  25. *The word tiger came from the greek work "tigris".It means "arrow" in the persian language.Comparing the speed of the animal to an arrow it may got its name or it may got its name from the "Tigris" river located in Syria,Iraq.
  26. *Male tigers are larger than female tigers in comparison. Also, they have larger paws in proportion to their body size than females.
  27. *Tigers short-term memory alone lasts about thirty times longer than humans, and their memories are made with stronger brain synapses, meaning that they can remember more and do not forget things as easily as we do.
  28. * Tigers seldom climb trees, but are capable of doing so with the help of their front and back claws.
  29. *Tigers have a brain that weighs over 300g. It is the largest brain of all carnivores, except the polar bear.
  30. *The markings on a tiger’s forehead closely resemble the Chinese character for king, giving tigers a cultural status as a regal animal.
  31. *Tiger is the national animal of (Royal Bengal Tiger)India,Bangladesh,South Korea,Malaysia,Vietnam and Myanmar.
  32.  *Most tigers have yellow eyes with round pupils.They have good vision both during the day and at night. During the day, a tiger's sight is about the same as a human.Their night vision are six times better than humans.Generally,Tigers hunt at night .
  33. *The Hukaung Valley Tiger Reserve in Myanmar is the largest Tiger Reserve in the World.
  34. *Tigers in case of wounds will use their own saliva as first aid,which acts as an antiseptic and helps to clean up wounds inflicted by prey.
  35.  *A chomp of a tiger’s jaws can generate pressures of up to 10,000 pounds per square inch, which is enough to crunch through the vertebrae of any creature on the earth.
  36. *Dental formula for tigers: I=3/3, C=1/1, P=3/2, M=1/1. Incisor teeth help to grab hold of prey as well as pull meat off bones.Canine teeth are used for biting and killing.Premolars and molars are used for tearing and chewing.A tiger’s canine tooth can grow up to three inches, which is about the length of your middle finger.

Tiger sitting in the meadows