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Monday, December 10, 2012

List of Ministers of India 2014

The Cabinet of India consists of the Prime Minister and 35 Cabinet Ministers is the ultimate decision-making body of the Government of India.
Secretariat Building,New Delhi-Prime Minister Office
Secretariat Building,New Delhi-Prime Minister Office
                                                         Highlights of Indian Leaders

Vice Pres.Mohammad Hamid ANSARI
Prime Min.Manmohan SINGH
National Security AdviserShivshankar MENON
Dep. Chmn., Planning CommissionMontek Singh AHLUWALIA
Governor, Reserve Bank of IndiaDuvvuri SUBBARAO

 List of Cabinet Ministers, Minister of State with independent charges and State Ministers 
114th Prime Minister of IndiaDr Manmohan Singh
Minister of Atomic Energy
Minister of Space
Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Planning
2Minister of DefenceA. K. Antony
3Minister of AgricultureSharad Pawar
Minister of Food Processing Industries
4Minister of FinanceP. Chidambaram
5Minister of External AffairsSalman Khurshid
6Minister of Home AffairsSushilkumar Shinde
7Minister of Communications and Information TechnologyKapil Sibal
8Minister of Human Resource DevelopmentPallam Raju
9Minister of Law and JusticeAshwani Kumar
10Minister of Chemicals and FertilizersM. K. Alagiri
11Minister of Civil AviationAjit Singh
12Minister of CoalShriprakash Jaiswal
13Minister of Commerce and IndustryAnand Sharma
Minister of Textiles
14Minister of Petroleum and Natural GasVeerappa Moily
15Minister of CultureChandresh Kumari
16Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty AlleviationAjay Maken
17Minister of Water ResourcesHarish Rawat
18Minister of Rural developmentJairam Ramesh
19Minister of Urban DevelopmentKamal Nath
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
20Minister of Overseas Indian AffairsVayalar Ravi
21Minister of Health and Family WelfareGhulam Nabi Azad
22Minister of Heavy Industries and Public EnterprisesPraful Patel
23Minister of Labour and EmploymentMallikarjun Kharge
24Minister of New and Renewable EnergyFarooq Abdullah
25Minister of Panchayati RajKishore Chandra Deo
Minister of Tribal Affairs
26Minister of RailwaysPawan Kumar Bansal
27Minister of Science and TechnologyJaipal Reddy
Minister of Earth Sciences
28Minister of Road Transport and HighwaysC. P. Joshi
29Minister of ShippingG. K. Vasan
30Social Justice and EmpowermentSelja Kumari
31Minister of SteelBeni Prasad Verma
32Minister of Minority AffairsK. Rahman Khan
Ministers of State with Independent Charge
1Ministry of Information and BroadcastingManish Tewari
2Ministry of TourismChiranjeevi
3Ministry of PowerJyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia
4Ministry of Drinking Water and SanitationBharatsinh Madhavsinh Solanki
5Ministry of Youth Affairs and SportsJitendra Singh
6Ministry of Corporate AffairsSachin Pilot
7Ministry of Ministry of Women and Child DevelopmentKrishna Tirath
8Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public DistributionK. V. Thomas
9Ministry of Ministry of Statistics and Programme ImplementationSrikant Kumar Jena
10Ministry of Environment and ForestsJayanthi Natarajan
11Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, Parliamentary AffairsPaban Singh Ghatowar
12Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium EnterprisesK. H. Muniyappa
Ministers of State
1Ministry of External AffairsE. Ahamed
2Ministry of Human Resource DevelopmentShashi Tharoor
3Ministry of AgricultureTariq Anwar
4Ministry of Home AffairsMullappally Ramachandran
5Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Prime Minister OfficeV. Narayanasamy
6Ministry of Commerce and IndustryDaggubati Purandeswari
7Ministry of TextilesLakshmi Panabaka
8Ministry of FinanceNamo Narain Meena
9Ministry of DefenceLal Chand Kataria
10Ministry of FinanceS. S. Palanimanickam
11Ministry of Human Resource Development, DefenceJitin Prasada
12Ministry of External AffairsPreneet Kaur
13Ministry of Social Justice and EmpowermentD. Napolean
14Ministry of Information and BroadcastingS. Jagathrakshakan
15Ministry of Health and Family WelfareS. Gandhiselvan
16Ministry of Road Transport and HighwaysTushar Amarsinh Chaudhary
17Ministry of CoalPratik Patil
18Ministry of Home AffairsRatanjit Pratap Narain Singh
19Ministry of Rural DevelopmentPradeep Jain Aditya
20Ministry of Civil Aviation, Ministry of PowerK.C. Venugopal
21Ministry of Agriculture and Food Processing IndustryCharan Das Mahant
21Ministry of Communications and Information TechnologyMilind Murli Deora
22Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and PlanningRajeev Shukla
23Ministry of Labour and EmploymentKodikunnil Suresh
24Ministry of RailwaysK.J. Surya Prakash Reddy
25Ministry of Tribal AffairsRanee Narah
26Ministry of RailwaysAdhir Ranjan Chowdhury
27Ministry of Communications and Information TechnologyKilli Krupa rani
28Ministry of Health and Family WelfareAbu Hasem Khan Choudhury
29Ministry of Road Transport and HighwaysSarve Sathyanarayana
30Ministry of Minority AffairsNinong Ering
31Ministry of Urban DevelopmentDeepa Dasmunsi
32Ministry of Social Justice and EmpowermentPorika Balram Naik

The Seven Wonders of the World

Why Seven Wonders of the World?
The number seven was chosen because the Greeks believed it to be the representation of perfection and plenty because it was the number of the five planets known anciently plus the sun and moon.

The seven wonders were:

  • Great Pyramid of Giza
  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • Statue of Zeus at Olympia
  • Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
  • Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
  • Colossus of Rhodes
  • Lighthouse of Alexandria

Today, the only ancient world wonder that still exists is the Great Pyramid of Giza.

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or thePyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BCE. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. 

The Great Pyramid of Giza 

The New Seven Wonders of the World

WonderDate of constructionLocation
Great Wall of ChinaSince 7th century BCChina
Petrac.100 BCEJordan
Christ the RedeemerOpened October 12, 1931Brazil
Machu Picchuc.1450 CEPeru
Chichen Itzac.600 CEMexico
ColosseumCompleted 80 CEItaly
Taj MahalCompleted c.1648 CEIndia
Great Pyramid of Giza (Honorary Candidate)Completed c.2560 BCEEgypt

1.The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC;these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall.Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of ChinaQin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall was reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty.
Great Wall of China

2.Petra in Greek meaning 'stone' is an Arabian historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an, that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.
File:Al Khazneh.jpg

3.Cristo Redentor (English: lit. Christ the RedeemerPortugueseCristo Redentor,standard) is a statue of Jesus of Nazareth in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world. It is 39.6 metres (130 ft) tall, including its 9.5 metres (31 ft) pedestal, and 30 metres (98 ft) wide. It weighs 635 tonnes (625 long,700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. A symbol of Brazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.

 Christ the Redeemer

4.Machu Picchu("Old Peak") is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level.Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the "City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

80 - Machu Picchu - Juin 2009 - edit.2.jpg
Machu Picchu
5.Chichen Itza, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the second-most visited of Mexico's archaeological sites.It was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya civilization. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatán.

Chichen Itza
6.The Colosseum is an elliptical amphitheater in Rome, Italy.It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.

File:Jean-Léon Gérôme - The Christian Martyrs' Last Prayer - Walters 37113.jpg

7.The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage".
Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles.
In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Southern view of the Taj Mahal.
Taj Mahal


Friday, December 7, 2012

List of States in India and their Capitals

India is a federal union of states comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories.

India map showing states and its capitals

1.Andra Pradesh
2.Arunachal Pradesh
9.Himachal Pradesh
10.Jammu and Kashmir
Srinagar and Jammu
14.Madya Pradesh
24.Tamil Nadu
27.Uttar Pradesh
28.West Bengal

          Union Territories                             Capital
1.Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Port Blair
3.Dadar and Nagar Haveli
4.Daman and Diu

List of Chief Ministers of India 2014

Chief Minister is the elected head of government of a state of India.He or she is elected by legislators of the political party or coalition commanding an assembly majority, and serves a five-year term with a provision of re-election. 

A Chief Minister must be:

  • a citizen of India
  • should be a member of the state legislature. If a person is elected chief minister who is not a member of the legislature, then he/she must become a member within six months.
  • of 25 years of age or more

The chief minister is appointed by the Governor of the state, the swearing in is done before the governor of the state.
Tamil Nadu Secretariat Building

 Tamil Nadu Secretariat Building

Duties and Responsibilities

 The chief minister is the leader of the council of ministers. For example,The financial budget of the state will be prepared by Finance Minister with the consultation of Chief Minister.

The Chief minister will communicate to Governor,the head of the state about all decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals for legislation.

In short,the Chief Minister is the key person who is responsible to maintain law and order in their respective State.

No.StateCapitalChief Minister
1Andhra PradeshHyderabadVacant
(President's Rule)
2Arunachal PradeshItanagarNabam Tuki
3AssamDispurTarun Gogoi
4BiharPatnaNitish Kumar
5ChhattisgarhRaipurDr. Raman Singh
6GoaPanajiManohar Parrikar
7GujaratGandhinagarNarendra Modi
8HaryanaChandigarhBhupinder Singh Hooda
9Himachal PradeshShimlaVirbhadra Singh
10Jammu and KashmirSrinagarOmar Abdullah
11JharkhandRanchiHemant Soren
13KeralaThiruvananthapuramOommen Chandy
14Madhya PradeshBhopalShivraj Singh Chauhan
15MaharashtraMumbaiPrithviraj Chavan
16ManipurImphalOkram Ibobi Singh
17MeghalayaShillongDr. Mukul Sangma
18MizoramAizawl Lal Thanhawla
19NagalandKohimaNeiphiu Rio
20OrissaBhubaneswarNaveen Patnaik
21PunjabChandigarhParkash Singh Badal
22RajasthanJaipurVasundhara Raje
23SikkimGangtokPawan Kumar Chamling
24Tamil NaduChennaiMs. J. Jayalalithaa
25TripuraAgartalaManik Sarkar
26Uttar PradeshLucknowAkhilesh Yadav
27UttarakhandDehradunHarish Rawat
28West BengalKolkataMs. Mamata Banerjee

List of Chief Ministers of Indian Union Territories
No.Union TerritoryChief Minister
(President's Rule)
2Puducherry (Pondicherry)N. Rangasamy

Thursday, December 6, 2012

What is Feng shui ?

Feng shui (wind-water in English) is more than 3000 years old ancient Chinese astrology.It brings prosperity, good health and helps to improve our life by examining the energy flowing in our surrounding environment(particular room, house, building, or garden).

Feng shui considers five elements - water, fire, wood, metal, and earth, and the external environment.
The points on the compass, with eight separate directions - north, northeast, east, southeast, south, southwest, west, and northwest - are also important in Feng shui.

A feng shui expert is known as a geomancer will consult an individual's Chinese horoscope to figure out what is best for that person and use complicated mathematical calculations from the ancient I Ching, (Book of Changes), to determine what aspects of the house are out balance.

Feng Shui rules can helps to find a site where family life is more likely to be harmonious.
It can be used to decide the construction and architectural features of buildings, the placement and style of furniture, colors and decorating schemes, location of plantings, paths, and other outside features. By creating a more pleasing atmosphere, feng shui has been credited with improving family communication, restoring employee cooperation, and increasing a store's sales.
Dragon Picture

The principles can be applied to any style of building or decorating, not just to Chinese or Asian modes.

Feng shui method of astrology uses many Feng shui symbols for various purposes and assist in bringing good fortune. 

 eg., 1.The bat is the Chinese feng shui symbol of good fortune and prosperity

        2.The Butterfly symbol   is the feng shui cure for love and romance.

        3.The Laughing Buddha is a symbol  for happiness and wealth in Feng shui. It is the most popular Feng shui symbol used world wide.

        4.In China, the dragon is considered a feng shui symbol of good luck. 

Feng shui applications in life helps to succeed in business,gain peace in life and its effectiveness made feng shui itself flourish as a popular business gaining popularity all over the world.

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

National Emblem of India

The Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Emporer Ashoka, who ruled from 272 BC to 232 BC. It is preserved in the Sarnath Museum, near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.The Lion Capital was erected  by Emperor Ashoka to mark the spot where Buddha first proclaimed his gospel of peace and emancipation to the four quarters of the universe. The national emblem is thus symbolic of contemporary India’s reaffirmation of its ancient commitment to world peace and goodwill. The four lions(one hidden from view ) – symbolising power, courage and confidence- rest on a circular abacus. The abacus is girded by four smaller animals—Guardians of the four directions: The Lion of the North, The Bull of the West, The Horse of the South and The Elephant of the East.

Emblem of India with three lions.

The motto Satyameva Jayate´ (truth alone triumphs) ± written in Devanagari script below the profile of the Lion Capital is part of the Emblem of India. The motto is taken from an ancient scripture the Mundaka Upanishad, the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas.This National Emblem was adopted on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic.The emblem forms a part of the official letterhead of the Government of India, and appears on all Indian currency and Indian passports.